These findings have made many researchers question the true nature of violence in the media and how it can or cannot affect the child in various ways. Some studies have also suggested that it is not the nature of the programs but the number of hours that a child spends in front of the television that is the cause of the adverse effects. This is so according to Belson , who believes that aggression could be derived from watching violent television as often as it could be derived from watching nonviolent images.
The research on children has been restricted to because of many factors. It is believed that children are a special audience Dorr, They are generally considered to be more vulnerable to the exposure of various contents on television, more than adults are known to be affected.
This is because the minds of children are in a stage of cognitive immaturity and the cognitive pathways in their minds can easily be shaped by various media that are fed into it. It has been found that television is a particularly attractive thing for the children and the children tend to view television more than they indulge in other activities.
This is why television has an enormous potential of shaping the way a child might think and act. There are many kinds of programs that come on the television and many of them have been specifically designed to mold and nurture the minds of children. Thus it is also very possible that children who view violent images on television can have certain adverse affects on their brains.
This can in turn affect their personalities and instill a fascination with violence for the rest of their lives. As discussed above, there is much disagreement as to exactly how television viewing can or cannot affect the minds of children.
Violence in the media promote violence in the society. To what extent do you agree or disagree?
One that that is for sure is that children do tend to watch a whole lot of television. Although there are many estimates, a slightly more conservative estimate gives that an average child watches as much as 3 hours of television everyday Huston et al. The effects of viewing tend to depend largely on the nature of the programs but this is also debatable since the factors involving individual personalities are also to be considered. Most of the children who watch television are not discouraged to do otherwise by their parents Bryant, In an average American family, a television is a very important part of family life.
Families sit together and watch many television shows and most of the times young children are watching television in front of their parents.
One study concluded that children watched television with children more than seventy percent of the time St. It has also been determined that television habits are formed in the early years of a child. Peters, The parents are mostly blamed for not regulating their children's television viewing habits.
This has also been found that not many parents put in an effort to regulate their children's television viewing patterns. Children learn by their parents' examples and if the parents watch a lot of television, so do the children. Peters et al. The parents also play an integral role in the children's mind about the contents of what they view on television.http://excitingevents.es/includes/xevyjeru/conocer-chicas-en-cartagena-de-indias.php
Is media is responsible for violence in society essay or paragraph?
If the parents also enjoy watching violent images on television, the children are also more likely to like and thus view more violence on television. Many studies have indicated that explaining what the child just saw on television can greatly help resolve many issues in the child's mind and also helps them to make better and informed decisions later on.
It has also been theorized that television may also affect the whole family as a group, that is, in the way that they spend their time and events together Bryant, There are many television programs on the air that show other families interacting with each other. These families have served as role models for many American families all over the nation for many years. It is very likely that your normal average family is akin to these families and takes up and adopts many or some of the patterns that they see being interacted on television.
These patterns can be considered as what defines normality for these people. The fact that keeps recurring is that it is only the televised viewing that brings about an increased aggressive state but it other factors also have to be considered. There are also many people who do not agree with this and say that televised violence really does not affect the people in any negative way Freedman, , ; McGuire, Since most of the studies that have concluded the adverse effects of television violence on people have been based in laboratory experiments, many people tend to reject the conclusions.
Partly because of such arguments, interest in laboratory experiments began to wane in the s as research on the effects of televised violence became based more and more on studies in natural settings. Some of these studies, usually called field experiments, involved the use of experimental methodology in natural settings.
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Friedrich-Cofer and Huston provide a detailed discussion of the strengths and weaknesses of these studies. A very large amount of research was done on the correlation between television viewing and aggression during the s.
Band IELTS Essay Sample | Violence In Media Promotes Violence In Society - IELTS hambtisatita.gq
The research began with the study of third-grade students in a rural county in upstate New York. Each child's level of aggressiveness was assessed through ratings made by parents, peers, and the children themselves; each child's preference for violent television programs was also measured. Measures of the same variables were obtained 10 and 22 years later from many of the same children. The method of cross-lagged panel correlation was used for analysis of the data. Following the assumptions of cross-lagged correlation analysis, Eron and his associates inferred a causal relation between observing violence and aggressiveness from these data.
For girls, both correlations were not significantly greater than zero.
In , Huesmann, Eron, Lefkowitz, and Walder reported the results of the year follow-up. A positive relationship between childhood television viewing and subsequent aggressiveness was again suggested: The seriousness of crimes for which males were convicted by age 30 was significantly correlated with the amount of television that they had watched and their liking for violent programs as 8-year-olds. Singer and Singer also conducted a study and showed a connection between how watching violence on television affected the aggressiveness in children.
This study was conducted on nursery school age children for 1-year. Meanwhile, observers recorded instances of aggressive behavior by the children during school hours. This effect was found for both boys and girls. The pattern of cross-lagged correlations over the four probe periods led the Singers to conclude that the television viewing was leading to the aggressive behavior over the first two comparisons i.
Over the final comparison from probe 3 to probe 4 , however, the cross-lagged pattern showed that not only was earlier viewing correlated with subsequent aggression, but also that earlier aggression was correlated with subsequent viewing.
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In other words, by the latter phase of the study a reciprocal effect was being shown. This second finding, that people who are high on the aggressiveness scale might like to watch more violence on television is consistent with the results of the laboratory experiments conducted by Fenigstein In this experiment, people who had had a history of physical aggression against others tended to select television viewing material that was more violent in nature than compared to those who were not as aggressive.
In a similar correlational study, Diener and DuFour also presented similar results. Media has always provided children with entertainment and visual imagery and imagination that have worked to enhance their minds and also develop their brains. Media has also helped the children in keeping their fears in check and controlling their anxieties. The two pigs who quickly built shelters of straw and of wood so that they could play the rest of the day were devoured by the wolf.
The third built his house of brick and would go out early in the mornings to obtain food while the wolf was still asleep. He eventually scalded to death and ate the big bad wolf. Intelligence, planning, and foresight, combined with hard labor, will make us victorious over even our most ferocious enemy--the wolf! It may at first seem odd that a child would choose to be frightened at bedtime, a time often already characterized by anxiety brought on by darkness and by the prospect of being alone.
The fairy tale initially increases that anxiety, then provides a mechanism for relief. Thus some researchers stress the fact that violent images in the media are necessary for children since it helps them deal with many things and to motivate the mastery of their own emotions and states of mind. So what is the conclusion that we come to? Is the violence in media bad for the children, or is some of it necessary? Does viewing violence on television have any adverse affects on the children? Is it the nature of television programming that is more harmful or just watching any kind of television bad?
Although many of the laboratory experiments that have been reviewed herein suggest that there is a positive relationship between aggressiveness and television viewing, the research remains inconclusive. But it will not be wrong to face the direction of thought that violence in the media does lead to aggressive behavior, as pointed out by the longitudinal studies that were conducted during the s. Various scholars and researchers have tried to explain the relationship between television violence and aggression in different ways. So far, the evidence that has been collected from various types of studies, including laboratory experiments, field experiments, longitudinal studies, and archival studies, are in favor of the notion that viewing violence on television does have adverse affects on the aggressiveness of the subjects who are watching the programs.
These studies have focused on children, adolescents and young adults, and a wide range of constrained and unconstrained behaviors.
Searched Title: Media Is Responsible For Violence And Aggression In Our Society
Even though there might be many limitations to these studies due to the large number of population and the small number of sample, the results from so many researchers have seemed to point to the same direction. However, some promising developments in theory are taking place, involving the development of models derived from affective, cognitive, and motivational psychology.
A comprehensive literature review has been presented herein that has purported the role that media can play in the aggressiveness of the viewers. It can be concluded that even though media can play a big role in the way a person grows up to react in a negative way, it is not the only factor that is to be taken in consideration. Television is a very popular media and it is expected that people, especially children, will continue to watch television and their lives will continue to be affected by the various programs and shows that they watch. It is very important today, for all the parents, teachers, and model citizens, to get involved and try to make the affects of media as non-violent on our children as possible.
All the parents must monitor the television watching activities of their children. The parents must make sure that they sit and watch television with their children and keep explaining to them what is going on. The children need to know how the violent images shown on television are not real and that they should not try to emulate what they see on television.